Leukemia is a blood cancer, specifically of our white blood cells (WBCs) (a.k.a. โ€œleukocytesโ€), which are the major component of our immune system.ย  There are different types of WBCs (see link, and diagram below), thus there are different types of Leukemia, which can be either acute or chronic.ย  But even though the Leukemias are diseasesContinue reading “Leukemia”


A rare form of “pre-cancer” of the bone marrow, interfering with its ability to produce blood cells.ย  Sometimes it produces defective cells, sometimes it just doesn’t produce enough.ย  This can leave a patient at risk of infection, cause Anemia, or bruising; the danger is if it turns into Leukemia.ย  Myelodysplasia is almost always a diseaseContinue reading “Myelodysplasia”

Folic Acid Deficiency

Folic acid is a nutrient necessary for making red blood cells (RBCs).ย  So people without enough develop Anemia.ย  As described in the link, hemoglobin is low, and RBCs are larger than normal. The latter is measured by a number “MCV”; large means >100, oftentimes around 110. Fortunately, folic acid deficiency is very rare in theContinue reading “Folic Acid Deficiency”

Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a type of blood cancer, less common than others (Leukemias and Lymphomas).ย  It mostly affects people over 65 years-old, very rarely under 50.ย  Itโ€™s a disease of Plasma Cells, a kind of white blood cell lymphocyte that makes antibody.ย  The abnormal plasma cells multiply rapidly to invade various organs, especially bonesContinue reading “Multiple Myeloma”

Polycythemia Vera

Polycythemia Vera (PV) is an uncommon condition in which the body makes too many Red Blood Cells (RBCs).ย  Most cases occur over 50-years-old, and are discovered accidentally when a Complete Blood Count (CBC) is drawn for other reasons.ย  Some patients with PV have vague symptoms like fatigue.ย  Others may have unusual symptoms, like unbearably intenseContinue reading “Polycythemia Vera”

Chronic Pelvic Pain

Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) is defined (somewhat arbitrarily) as pain in a womanโ€™s pelvic area for at least 3-6 months, that isnโ€™t cyclical.ย  The latter means that it isnโ€™t clearly related to menstrual periods; it may come and go, but not in a regular pattern.ย  CPP is a diagnosis of exclusion, meaning that no otherContinue reading “Chronic Pelvic Pain”