The “6 F’s” of a Distended Abdomen

When we see someone with a distended, bulging abdomen, we use the mnemonic “6-F’s” to remind us of the possible causes. Those are:

Fluid — Ascites, from liver cirrhosis or other causes.

Feces — Severe constipation

Flatus — Gas, from an obstructed bowel

Fat — The person is simply obese

Fetus — Pregnancy

Fatal Masses — i.e. a cancer

Were you able to guess any?

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